What is the Metodo Doman Y Delacato and How Does It Help Children with Brain Injuries
The Metodo Doman Y Delacato is a rehabilitation program for children with brain injuries that was developed by Glenn Doman, a physical therapist, and Carl Delacato, an educational psychologist, in the 1950s. The program is based on the theory that the brain develops through stages that mimic the evolution of animal species, and that children with brain injuries need to repeat these stages to stimulate their damaged brain cells.
The program involves a series of exercises that aim to improve the child's motor, sensory, cognitive and linguistic skills. The exercises include:
Homolateral and cross patterns: These are movements that coordinate the limbs on the same or opposite sides of the body.
Relaxation techniques: These are methods to reduce muscle tension and spasticity.
Crawling and creeping: These are movements that involve dragging or supporting the body on the hands and knees.
Braquiation: This is a movement that involves swinging from one arm to another, like a monkey.
Walking: This is a movement that involves alternating steps with the legs and arms.
Head-down suspension: This is a technique that involves hanging the child upside down by the ankles or straps, to improve blood circulation, speech and breathing.
The program requires intensive and frequent practice, as well as parental involvement and supervision. The program claims to have positive results for children with various types of brain injuries, such as cerebral palsy, autism, Down syndrome, learning disabilities and others.
What is the Evidence for the Metodo Doman Y Delacato
The Metodo Doman Y Delacato has been controversial since its inception, as it lacks scientific evidence to support its effectiveness and safety. The program is based on outdated and disproven theories of brain development and evolution, such as the recapitulation theory. The program also does not take into account the individual differences and needs of each child, nor the current standards of care and best practices for children with brain injuries.
Several studies have evaluated the Metodo Doman Y Delacato and found no significant benefits compared to conventional therapies or no intervention. Some studies have even reported negative effects, such as increased stress, fatigue, frustration and isolation for both children and parents. The program has also been criticized for being expensive, time-consuming, unrealistic and potentially harmful.
What are the Alternatives to the Metodo Doman Y Delacato
There are many other rehabilitation programs for children with brain injuries that are based on scientific evidence and tailored to each child's needs and goals. Some examples are:
Bobath: This is a neurodevelopmental approach that focuses on improving posture, movement and function through facilitation and inhibition techniques.
Rood: This is a sensorimotor approach that uses sensory stimulation to elicit motor responses.
Peto: This is a conductive education approach that integrates education and rehabilitation through group activities.
Vojta: This is a reflex locomotion approach that uses pressure points to activate innate movement patterns.
These programs are delivered by trained professionals who work in collaboration with parents and other specialists. They also follow ethical principles and respect the rights and dignity of children with brain injuries.
The Metodo Doman Y Delacato is a rehabilitation program for children with brain injuries that claims to stimulate their brain development through evolutionary stages. However, the program lacks scientific evidence and has been challenged by many experts and organizations. There are other rehabilitation programs that are more effective, safe and appropriate for children with brain injuries. 248dff8e21